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Monthly Archives: January 2013

al-Taqrirat al-Sadidah

One of the best Shafi’i texts to emerge in recent times is al-Taqrirat al-Sadidah by Habib Hasan al-Kaf of Madinah. He based his text on the classes of Habib Zayn b. Sumayt, widely considered to be the greatest Shafi’i scholar in al-Hijaz today.

It is extremely clear and simple in presentation such that an average Arab intermediate school student could easily understand. In that sense it is a great companion to al-Fiqh al-Manhaji, which includes evidences and rationale behind the fiqh. Any student who studies these two together would have a solid foundation in fiqh.

http://archive.org/details/Al-taqriratAl-sadidah

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Posted by on January 25, 2013 in Fiqh

 

Some Thoughts on the Hadhrami and Shami Approaches in Fiqh

In recent years some wonderful texts have appeared in the fiqh of the Shafi’i madhab. The most prominent of these are also representative of the respective approaches of the lands from which they emerged: Al-Fiqh al-Manhaji/Al-Mu’tamad from Syria and Al-Taqrirat al-Sadidah from Al-Hijaz.

Now then, the Hadhrami approach is primarily followed in Yemen, Al-Hijaz, Al-Ahsa, and the Indian Ocean. It provides extensive coverage of the masa’il such that a graduate rarely needs to refer to the text or hashiyah. However, these same graduates often cannot link the fiqh to the evidence from which it derives.

The Syrian approach, on the other hand, focuses on the evidences in support of the rulings. However, they rarely go into detail expounding difficult expressions or expressing divergent opinions within the madhab. The Egyptians are similar in this approach. These are, of course, generalisations. There are exceptions to this.

The same pattern has been observed within the Maliki madhab too. The Moroccan/Mauritanian approach is more focused on detail whereas in Egypt attention is given to evidence. Perhaps this is due to the environs in which they find themselves. The Shafi’is in Hadhramawt and the Malikis in the Maghrib do not have any competition from other schools. Thus, evidence is not as essential in discussion. In Syria and Egypt, however, there are many different schools in competition with each other and so knowing the evidences behind rulings proves valuable in debate, as well as giving confidence in one’s own school.

Each approach has its respective merits. But a student with high aspirations should try to master both approaches by traveling and studying each tradition.

 
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Posted by on January 25, 2013 in Fiqh

 

Sharh Umdat al-Salik with Habib Ali al-Mashur b. Muhammad b. Salim b. Hafiz

Here is a link to the Dar al-Mustafa site feed to the current class on this great text:

http://www.daralmustafaedu.com/media-library/322-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D9%82%D9%87-%D9%83%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%87.html

 
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Posted by on January 24, 2013 in Arabic, Fiqh

 

Musnad Ahmad (Maknaz al-Islami)

In previous posts we have mentioned the immense merits of the Maknaz al-Islami editions of the primary hadith texts and uploaded the Six Books here:

https://islamclass.wordpress.com/2012/04/23/the-sunna-project/

It is with great delight that we can now offer you the Musnad of Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal initially printed in 2008 by the Maknaz and now distributed by Dar al-Minhaj of Jeddah:

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh01.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh02.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh03.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh04.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh05.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh06.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh07.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh08.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh09.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh10.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh11.pdf

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2013/11/mh12.pdf

I spoke to one of the scholars involved in the project (whom I believe wishes to remain anonymous) and he told me that they spent almost a decade on this critical edition, consulting the most authoritative manuscripts, and that they discovered approximately 200 narrations not found in any previous edition.

Wasalam

Al-Asiri

 
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Posted by on January 24, 2013 in Hadith/Sunnah