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Monthly Archives: November 2012

The History and Veracity of the Quranic Text

 

Here are some useful resources on the textual history and veracity of the Qur’an:

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/al-azami-history-of-the-quranic-text.pdf

http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Quran/

http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Quran/Text/

http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Quran/Text/Mss/

 

 
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Posted by on November 14, 2012 in History, Qur'an

 

Notes on Ibn Hazm’s Rejection of Qiyas

 
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Posted by on November 8, 2012 in Fiqh

 

Ibn Hazm’s Critique of Islamic Legal Theory

 
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Posted by on November 8, 2012 in Fiqh

 

The Geographic Distribution of the Schools in the First Four Centuries

 
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Posted by on November 8, 2012 in Fiqh, History

 

Christopher Melchert on How the Hanafi and Maliki Madhabs Became Regional

 
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Posted by on November 8, 2012 in Fiqh, History

 

Pivotal Generations in Transmitting Ahadith

Pivotal Generations in Hadith

The Sahabah

The following members of the Sahabah were the most prolific narrators of hadith. Indeed they were central (madar) in the transmission of Prophetic knowledge. The younger Companions were more prolific due to their living longer and thus having many students. They also sought out hadiths from the elder Sahabah and narrated by way of them too.

  • Abu Hurayrah
  • Abdullah b. ‘Umar
  • Anas b. Malik
  • ‘Aisha
  • Abdullah b. ‘Abbas
  • Jabir b. ‘Abdullah
  • Abu Sa’id al-Khudri
  • Abdullah b. Mas’ud
  • Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As
  • ‘Ali b. Abi Talib
  • ‘Umar b. al-Khattab

The names below the Sahabi indicate their main students, of which the chief transmitters are highlighted with their students and so on.

1. Abu Hurayrah

  • Hammam b. Munabbih
  • Muhammad b. Sirin
  • Abu Salih
  • Sa’id b. Abi Sa’id al-Maqburi

Hammam b. Munabbih’s student

  • Ma’mar b. Rashid

Ma’mar b. Rashid’s students

  • Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani
  • Abdallah b. al-Mubarak
  • Abu Sufyan al-‘Umari
  • Muhammad b. Humayd

Abd al-Razzaq b. Nafi’ al-San’ani’s students

  • Ahmad b. Hanbal
  • Yahya b. Ma’in
  • Ishaq b. Rahawayh
  • ‘Ali b. al-Madini
  • al-Dabari

2. Abdallah b. ‘Umar

  • Nafi’ the mawla
  • Salim b. Abdallah
  • Abdallah b. Dinar
  • Sa’id b. Abi Sa’id al-Maqburi

Nafi’s students

  • Ayyub al-Sakhtiyani
  • Malik b. Anas
  • ‘Ubaydallah
  • ‘Umar b. Nafi’
  • Ibn Jurayj
  • Abdallah b. Dinar
  • Abdallah b. Nafi’
  • Ibn ‘Awn
  • Yahya al-Ansari
  • Ayyub b. Musa
  • Sa’d b. Ibrahim
  • Isma’il b. Umayyah
  • Musa b. ‘Uqba
  • al-Layth b. Sa’d
  • Muhammad b. Ishaq
  • Dawud b. al-Husayn
  • Sulayman b. Musa
  • Ibn ‘Ajlan
  • Usama b. Zayd al-Laythi
  • Sakhr b. Juwayriyyah
  • ‘Abdallah b. ‘Umar

Abdallah b. Dinar’s students

  • Shu’ba b. al-Hajjaj
  • al-Thawri
  • Malik
  • Ibn ‘Uyayna
  • Yahya b. Sa’id al-Ansari
  • ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. al-Majishun
  • Suhayl
  • Ibn ‘Ajlan
  • Yazid b. al-Had

Shu’ba b. al-Hajjaj’s students

  • Ghundar
  • Muhammad b. Ja’far
  • Yahya al-Qattan
  • Ibn Mahdi
  • Abu’l-Walid
  • Abu Dawud
  • Bahz
  • Yazid b. Zuray’
  • Mu’adh b. Mu’adh
  • Miskin b. Mukayr
  • Khalid b. al-Harith
  • Abd al-Samad

Sa’id b. Abi Sa’id al-Maqburi’s students

  • al-Layth b. Sa’d
  • ‘Ubaydallah b. ‘Umar
  • Ibn Abi Dhi’b
  • Ibn ‘Ajlan
  • Abu Ma’shar
  • Malik

al-Layth b. Sa’d’s student

  • Abu Salih the scribe of al-Layth

3. Anas b. Malik

  • Muhammad b. Sirin
  • al-Hasan al-Basri
  • Qatada

Muhammad b. Sirin’s students

  • Ayyub b. Abi Tamima al-Sakhtiyani
  • Abdallah b. ‘Awn
  • Hishâm b. Hassân
  • Khalid al-Hadhdhâ’
  • Salamah b. ‘Alqama
  • ‘Asim al-Ahwal
  • Hisham al-Dustuwa’i
  • Yazid b. Ibrahim
  • Yahya b. ‘Atiq
  • Jarir b. Hazim
  • Dawud
  • Ja’far b. Hayyan
  • Yunus b. ‘Ubayd

al-Hasan al-Basri’s students

  • Qatada b. Di’ama al-Sadusi
  • Hafs al-Minqari
  • Yunus b. ‘Ubayd
  • Ash’ath b. ‘Abd al-Malik
  • Humayd b. Tawil
  • Yazid b. Ibrahim
  • Abu’l-Ashhab
  • Jarir b. Hazim
  • Abu Hurrah
  • Hisham b. Hassan
  • Sallam b. Miskin
  • al-Sari b. Yahya
  • Abu Hilal
  • Mubarak b. Fadala
  • al-Rabi’ b. Sabih
  • Habib b. al-Shahid

Ayyub al-Sakhtiyani’s students

  • Hammad b. Zayd
  • Sulayman b. Harb
  • Sufyan al-Thawri
  • Isma’il b. ‘Ulayyah
  • Abd al-Warith b. ‘Ulayyah
  • Jarir b. Hâzim
  • Ibn ‘Uyayna

Qatada b. Di’ama al-Sadusi’s students

  • Sa’id b. Abi ‘Aruba
  • Hammad b. Salamah
  • Abân b. abi ‘Ayyash
  • Hammâm
  • Abu ‘Awânah
  • Shu’ba
  • al-Dustuwa’i
  • al-Awza’i
  • Ma’mar
  • ‘Amr b. al-Harith
  • Jarir b. Hazim
  • Yazid b. Ibrahim

Hammad b. Salamah’s students

  • ‘Affân b. Muslim
  • Abd al-Rahman b. Mahdi
  • Ibn al-Mubarak
  • Abd al-Wahhab al-Thaqafi

4. ‘Aisha

  • ‘Urwa
  • ‘Amra bt. Abd al-Rahman
  • Abu Salamah b. Abd al-Rahman

‘Urwa b. al-Zubayr’s students

  • Hisham b. ‘Urwa
  • Abu’l-Aswad
  • Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri

Hisham b. ‘Urwa’s students

  • Malik
  • al-Thawri
  • Yahya al-Qattan
  • Ibn Numayr
  • ‘Isa b. Yunus
  • ‘Ali b. Mushir
  • Abu Usamah
  • Abu Mu’awiyah
  • al-Layth b. Sa’d
  • Ma’mar b. Rashid

Muhammad b. Abdallah b. ‘Ubaydallah b. Shihab al-Zuhri’s students

  • Malik b. Anas
  • Ibn ‘Uyayna
  • Yunus al-Ayli
  • ‘Uqayl
  • Ma’mar
  • Shu’ayb
  • ‘Ubaydallah b. ‘Umar
  • Ibn Abi Dhi’b
  • al-Zubaydi
  • Abu Uways
  • Ibrahim b. Sa’id
  • Ibrahim b. Sa’d al-Zuhri
  • Ibn akhi al-Zuhri
  • Ziyad b. Sa’id
  • Salih b. Kaysan
  • Ibn Jurayj
  • al-Majishun
  • Usama b. Zayd al-Laythi
  • Sulayman b. Musa
  • al-Layth b. Sa’d
  • al-Awza’i
  • Nu’man b. Rashid
  • Salih

Malik b. Anas’ students

  • ‘Abdallah b. Wahb
  • Abd al-Rahmab b. al-Qasim
  • Isma’il b. Abi Uways
  • al-Qa’nabi
  • Ma’n b. ‘Isa
  • Abdallah b. Yusuf al-Tinnisi
  • Yahya b. Yahya al-Laythi
  • Abu Mus’ab al-Zuhri
  • Yahya b. Yahya al-Tamimi
  • al-Shafi’i
  • Abdallah b. Abd al-Hakam
  • Abdallah b. Nafi al-Zubayri
  • Mutarrif b. Abdallah
  • Abdallah b. Nafi’ al-Sa’igh
  • ‘Abd al-Malik b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Majishun

5. Abdallah b. ‘Abbas

  • Sa’id b. Jubayr
  • Mujahid
  • ‘Ikrima
  • Sa’id b. Jubayr
  • ‘Ata b. Abi Rabah
  • Tawus b. Kaysan
  • Jabir b. Zayd

Mujahid’s students

  • ‘Ikrama
  • ‘Ata b. Abi Rabah
  • Tawus b. Kaysan
  • Ibn Abi Najih
  • Ibn Abi Mulaykah
  • ‘Amr b. Dinar
  • Fudayl b. ‘Amr
  • Qatada b. Di’ama al-Sadusi
  • Fitr b. Khalifah
  • Abdallah b. ‘Awn

Ibn Abi Najih’s student

  • Warqa

6. Jabir b. ‘Abdallah

  • ‘Amr b. Dinar
  • Abu al-Zubayr Muhammad b. Tadrus

‘Amr b. Dinar’s students

  • Ibn ‘Uyayna
  • Shu’ba
  • al-Thawri
  • Hammad b. Zayd
  • Ibn Jurayj
  • Hushaym b. Bashir

Sufyan b. ‘Uyayna al-Hilali’s students

  • Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi’i
  • ‘Ali b. al-Madini
  • Ahmad b. Hanbal
  • Yahya b. Ma’in
  • Abdallah b. al-Zubayr al-Humaydi

‘Ali b. Abdallah b. al-Madini’s students

  • Muhammad b. Isma’il al-Bukhari

7. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri

  • ‘Ata b. Abi Rabah

‘Ata’s student

  • Ibn Jurayj

Abd al-Malik b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. Jurayj’s students

  • Hajjaj b. Muhammad
  • Yahya al-Qattan
  • ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. Abi Rawwad
  • ‘Abdallah b. Wahb
  • Abu ‘Asim
  • Abd al-Razzaq
  • Ibn ‘Uyayna
  • Hisham b. Sulayman

8. Abdallah b. Mas’ud

  • ‘Alqama b. Qays (d.62)
  • Aswad b. Yazid (d.75)
  • Masruq al-Ajda’ (d.63)
  • ‘Aamir b. Shurahbil (d.60s)
  • ‘Abidah b. Silmani (d.72)
  • Harith b. Qays (d.60s)

‘Alqama b. Qays al-Nakha’i’s students

  • ‘Amir al-Sha’bi
  • Ibrahim al-Nakha’i

‘Âmir b. Shurahbil al-Sha’bi’s students

  • Isma’il b. Abi Khalid
  • ‘Abdallah b. ‘Awn
  • Firas
  • Bayan
  • Zakariya
  • Ibn Abi’l-Safar

Abu Ishaq al-Sabi’i al-Hamadani’s students

  • Sufyan al-Thawri
  • Shu’ba
  • Zuhayr
  • Isra’il
  • Yunus
  • Zakariya
  • Za’idah b. Qudamah
  • Sharik b. Abdallah
  • Abu’l-Ahwas
  • al-A’mash
  • Abu Bakr b. ‘Ayyash
  • Abu ‘Awwana

Sufyan b. Sa’id al-Thawri’s students

  • Waki’ b. al-Jarrah

The Pivotal Generation of six Men upon whom the chains revolve (b. 30s-60s and d. around 120s)

Madina (from Zayd b. Thabit’s students among others)

  • Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri (50–124) [محمد بن مسلم بن عبدالله بن شهاب الزهري]

Makka (from Ibn ‘Abbas’ students)

  • ‘Amr b. Dinar (46–126) [عمرو بن دينار]

Basra

  • Qatada b. Di’amah al-Sadusi (60–117) [قتادة بن دعامة السدوسي]
  • Yahya b. Abi Kathir (d.132) [يحيى بن أبي كثير]

Kufa (from Ibn Mas’ud’s students)

  • ‘Amr b. Abd Allah, Abu Ishaq al-Sabi’i al-Hamadani (32–129) [عمرو بن عبد الله بن عبيد]
  • Al-A’mash, Sulayman b. Mihran (61–148) [سليمان بن مهران الأعمش]

Ashab al-Asnaf (b. 90–110. d.150-170s). The beginning of comprehensive hadith critical study; these twelve collected hadith from the previous generation of six:

Madina

  • Malik b. Anas (93–179) – Al-Muwatta
  • Muhammad b. Ishaq (85–152)

Makka                 

  • Ibn Jurayj (86–150)
  • Sufyan b. ‘Uyayna (107–198)

Basra                    

  • Sa’id b. Abi ‘Aruba (70–157)
  • Hammad b. Salama (c.89–167)
  • Abu ‘Awwana (90s–175)
  • Shu’ba (82–160)
  • Ma’mar  (95–153)

Kufa                      

  • Abu Abd Allah Sufyan al-Thawri (97–161)

Wasit                    

  • Hushaym b. Bashir (104–183)

Syria

  • ‘Abu ‘Amr Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Amr al-Awza’i (88–151/7)

The Senior Second Generation of Hadith Critics (b. around 120s-130s. d. 180s and 190s)

  • Yahya b. Sa’id al-Qattan (120–198) followed the way of Kufa
  • Yahya b. Zakariyya ibn Abi Za’ida (119–182)
  • Waki’ ib. al-Jarrah (129–197)

The Junior Second Generation of Hadith Critics

  • Abd al-Rahman b. al-Mahdi (135–198) followed the way of Madina
  • Abdullah b. al-Mubarak (118–181)
  • Yahya b. Adam (130s–203)

The Major Critics and Collectors (took from the previous)

  • Yahya b.Ma`in (158—233) best at writing hadith and avoiding scribal errors
  • Abu Bakr b. Abi Shaybah (159—235) best memory of hadith
  • `Ali b. al-Madini (161—234) best knowledge of hadith and ‘ilal
  • Ahmad b. Hanbal (164—241) best at fiqh of hadith
  • Ishaq b. Rahawayh (161—238)

Senior Authors of the Six Books

  • Muhammad b. Isma`il al-Bukhari (194—256)
  • Muslim b. Hajjaj al-Qushayri (204—261)
  • Abu Dawud al-Sijistani (202—275)

Junior Authors of the Six Books

  • Muhammad b. Yazid ibn Majah (207-275)
  • Muhammad b. Isa al-Tirmidhi (209—279)
  • Ahmad b. Shuayb al-Nasa’i (215—303)
 
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Posted by on November 5, 2012 in Hadith/Sunnah, History

 

Melchert on the Transition from Asceticism to Mysticism

Here is Christopher Melchert’s piece on the development of Sufism in the figures of Dhu al-Nun al-Misri and Abu Yazid al-Bistami.

https://islamclass.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/melchert-the-transition-from-asceticism-to-mysticism.pdf

 
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Posted by on November 2, 2012 in History